A Martial Arts Timeline


1882
Kano founds the Kodokan at the Eisho-Ji temple he has one pupil Tomita.

1886
Kano is forced to accept a challenge from the Totsuka-Yoshin-Ryu. The contest is held at the Tokyo Police headquarters. There are 15 bouts of which 13 were won by the Kodokan, the other two were drawn. The principal Kodokan advantage was the extra sharpness developed by randori as opposed to kata training. Saigo Shiro is reported to have defeated his much larger opponent with Yama Arashi, a throw he picked up from the Daito-Ryu.

1888

1892
April 29th Takashima Shidachi of the Totsuka Yoshin Ryu addresses the Japan Society in London on the history and development of Jiu-Jutsu Jiu-Do and the Yoshin Ryu.

1895

1897
E.J Harrison arrives in Japan and enrols at the Tenshin Shinyo Ryu. He later moved to the Kodokan and studied under Mifune. Harrison was the author of many early books on Japanese martial arts, Including the "Manual of Judo" and "Fighting Arts of Japan".

1899
26th September. William Barton Wright brought over Yukio Tani and his brother to tour the music halls giving Jiu-Jutsu demonstrations and challenging all comers. Barton Wright had been a civil engineer in Japan and had studied at the Kodokan. On returning to Britain he had started to teach his own style which he called "Baritsu". "Baritsu" is referred to by Conan Doyle in the first chapter of "The return of Sherlock Holmes". Conan Doyle wrote the Holmes stories in the late 1890's early 1900's but are set back to the 1880's. I cannot discover if Barton Wright actually taught "Baritsu" during the 1880's or whether this was an anachronism on Doyle's part. Yukio Tani's brother returned to Japan and was replaced by Raku Uyenishi. Tani had studied at the Yoshin Ryu.Tani became quite a star and defeated the British Boxing and "Catch as Catch can" wrestling champions. He also made a cameo apperance as a charachter in a Bernard Shaw play. Tani eventually left Barton Wright and was managed by William Bankier. This eventually led to Barton-Wright bringing over Taro Miyake.

1903

1904
British Society for Jiu-Jutsu founded by William Bankier with Tani as instructor. Tani opens the Japanese School of Jiu-Jutsu in Oxford Street.

1905
Taro Miyake was brought over from Japan by rival promoters to challenge Tani. Miyake won the challenge and the public promptly lost interest. Miyake joins Tani at the Japanese School of Jiu-Jutsu.

1906

1904-1906
Russo Japanese war. Russian navy defeated at battle of Tsushima by Japanese navy commanded by Togo. Russian army defeated at battle of Mukden and seige of Port Arthur. Peace is brokered by Theodore Roosevelt and agreed by the Treaty of Portsmouth.

1907
Koizumi goes to America. to study Electrical Engineering.

1910
Koizumi returns to England.

1912

1917
Funakoshi gives a demonstration of Karate at the Botuko-Den (Martial Virtues Hall) in Kyoto.

1918
Koizumi founds the Budokwai Grosvenor Square London. Tani is cheif instructor.

1919
Masutaro Otani arrives in England.

1920

1921
Funakoshi gives a Karate demonstration at Shuri castle.

1922

1925
Assasination attempt against Hirohito. Emperor Showa [Hirohito] (1926-1989) 124th direct descendant of Jimmu Tenno.

1926
Masutaro Otani becomes assistant instructor to Yukio Tani at the Budokwai.

1928
A.J Ross (Kodokan 1st Dan) founded the Brisbane Judo Club and the Australian Judo Council.


Taken from a post to rec.martial arts by Mike Ozanne.
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